Modern day slavery refers to both human trafficking and the subsequent exploitation, also known as forced labour. What is human trafficking? In a nutshell, it is the unconsented transportation of a person against their will for the end purpose of forced labour.
A person may be sold and transported multiple times before arriving at a destination. Forced labour exists in industries across the world. For example, children are trafficked into the cocoa industry in Cote d’Ivoire and into the fishing industry in Ghana. Young girls in Burkina Faso are trafficked to be used as servants in homes, and women throughout the world are trafficked into sex work. These are just a few examples of the multitude of types of forced labour. A person trapped in modern-day slavery will generally be:
1. Forced to work through mental or physical threat;
2. Owned or controlled by an ‘employer,’ usually through mental or physical abuse or threatened abuse;
3. Dehumanized, treated as a commodity or bought and sold as ‘property’ and;
4. Physically constrained or have restrictions placed on his or her freedom of movement.
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